Babies’ brains are like sponges – they are constantly absorbing, forming new ideas from stimuli in their environment.The study followed a group of children from birth through 5th grade, tracking the influence of early home learning environments on later cognitive skills. Researchers found that the learning environment at home plays a powerful role in shaping kids’ cognitive and linguistic abilities. They found that a strong learning environment has three main features: quality parent-child interactions, the availability of learning materials, and children’s participation in learning activities.
Quality interactions: Spend quality time with your little one every day. Sit and play on the floor, talk to him or her – engage! When you’re playing together, let him or her lead and then join in on whatever catches his or her attention. Point to objects he or she is watching and name them. Respond to your little one’s cues promptly – like identifying if he or she is hungry or in need of a something else.
Learning materials: Familiarize your little one with books early on! He or she will love to look at the images, and will clumsily try to turn their pages, working on fine motor skills. Toys don’t have to be flashy or expensive. Most of the time you’ll find that a lot of safe and suitable play material can be found right at home and can be used in more than one way for children of different ages – you just have to get creative!
Learning activities: As long as there are quality interactions between a child and a caregiver – then learning is happening. Reading to your child everyday helps build a healthy parent-child relationship because it’s an opportunity for one-on-one interaction, plus it boosts language development.